Posts Tagged ‘Akbar’

Agra Fort History

Agra Fort is believed to be built over the remains of an ancient site known as Badalgarh (The house of clouds). This belonged to the Lodi Dynasty and was conquered by Babur the Mughal Emperor in the famous battle of Panipat in 1526. Babur was the founder of the Mughal rule in India.

The history begins – Lodi dynasty: The beginning of the history of the Agra Fort is from the Lodi dynasty. After the death of Sikandar Lodi in 1517, his son Ibrahim Lodi held the fort. That time the fort was built of bricks.

Agra fort captured – Mughal dynasty: In the famous battle of Panipat in 1526 Ibrahim Lodi was defeated and killed by Babur, the founder of the Mughal rule in India.

Babur sent his son Humayun to Agra and he captured the fort and seized a vast treasure. The famous diamond ‘Kohinoor’ was one of these treasures. Humayum was coronated here in 1530 A.D.

Agra fort occupied – Sur dynasty: Humayun was defeated in another war with Sher Shah Suri from the Sur dynasty and he occupied the fort of Agra. Sher Shah Suri repaired Badalgarh and the Sur dynasty reigned there until 1655 A.D.

Agra fort re-captured – Mughal dynasty: In 1555 A.D the fort was recaptured by Humayun and the power came in the hands of the Mughal dynasty. After the death of Humayun, his son Akbar made Agra his capital and named it ‘Akbarabad’.

Construction of Agra Fort begins: In 1565 A.D. Badalgarh was demolished and the construction of the famous ‘Red Fort’ or the ‘Agra Fort’ began.

The construction done by:
Akbar: The Emperor Akbar started the construction of the Agra Fort with red sand stone. The ramparts and buildings of the fort were constructed by him in eight years from 1565 A.D. to 1573 A.D.

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