Posts Tagged ‘Bikaner’

Junagarh Forts

Junagrah Fort, Bikaner’s historic fortress is one of the most impressive in Rajasthan Tourism.Junagarh Fort Junagarh fort and it’s palaces were built between 1588-1593 by raja Raj Singh, a general in the army of the Mughal emperor Akbar. It has a 96 mt long wall. To protect 37 palaces, temples and pavilions within it. The fort has 2 entrances. The main entrance of the fort is Suraj pol or sun gate. The palaces, exquisitely built in red sandstone and marble are ornate with mirror work, carvings and paintings. An array of kiosks and balconies embellish the fort at intervals, breaking the monotony.

The situation on a rocky outcrop providing a dramatic setting for the many palaces that were added over a period of three centuries. Sandstone gates lead to courtyards surrounded by the exquisite jarokhas of the royal palaces and lattice-work windows of the zanana. The balconies show the remarkable diversity of architectural styles that influenced Bikaner-the original Rajput style jarokhas, the Mughal influenced balconies and finally British pitch roofed galleries. The variety of princely relics range from medieval Mughal swords to a World War-2 period plane, presented for military services, miniature paintings of the Bikaner school to an oil painting of the Versailles treaty. The guide showed us the low bed of the Maharajahs, with mirrors strategically placed to reflect the approach of a traitorous intruder, the Har mandir where services are still performed, Durbar and coronation halls, wells and stables. Inside the fort are many palaces, their interiors done up in lacquered furniture, mirror work, murals, gold polish, enamel work, shell finish and lime plaster.

The fort and palaces in Rajasthan,encompasses many palaces amongst which the most spectacular ones are the Chandra Mahal or Moon palace, the Phool Mahal or Flower palace, both ornated with carved panels and mirrors and the Karan Mahal. The palaces have exquisitely carved windows, balconies, towers and kiosks.The mirrors, paintings and carved marble panels in the Moon Palace are a treat for eyes. The victory over Aurangzeb was celebrated by building the Karan Mahal. And the other palaces are:

Dungar Niwas has painted walls giving out the effect of pietra dura. A white marble tank provides a cooling effect on hot days.
The Chandra Mahal has paintings on lime plaster walls.
The Phool Mahal is more elaborately decorated with mirror work.
The Ganga Niwas Darbar Hall with its carved walls and ceiling.
The Har Mandir where marriages, births and Gangaur festivals were celebrated,
The Gaj Mandir Sheesh Mahal with its ivory inlaid bed, beautiful swing seat, silver chairs and polished wooden chests and cupboards are all beautiful sights.Chandra Mahal

The Anup Mahal houses the gorgeous and opulent coronation room in rich glowing red and gold. Magnificent doors with beautiful raised lacquer work, ornamented with opaque glass inlay work, impart a jewel-like opulence to this royal chamber. The Junagarh Fort has defied all the attacks except for the brief stint by Kamaran who captured the fort but was unable to retain his victory more than 24 hours. One of the most imposing forts of Northern India- Junagarh Fort has remained unconquered till date.

Places around Junagarh. The Gir National Park, situated around 59 km off Junagarh, is the last home of the Asiatic lion. This 1,400 sq km sanctuary was set up to protect the dwindling population of the lions.
Chorwad is a new beach resort developed by the Tourism Corporation of Gujarat, near Junagarh.
Somnath is a famous Hindu shrine and a seat of one of the Jyotirlingas. The temple of Somnath was once one of the richest shrines in the country. The temple was looted and plundered many times by the Muslims in the 10th and 11th century because of its wealth.
The fort museum has an extensive collection of illuminated manuscripts, jewellery, jars and carpets, arms and weapons, treaties, decorations and the ‘Farmans’. This museum also has valuable miniature paintings and rare antiques is also located in the Junagarh Fort.

Prime Attractions of Junagrah fort A lively and colourful event, the Camel Festival is organised by the Department of Tourism, Art & Culture, Rajasthan in Bikaner every year. January is just the right month for a desert spree, and Bikaner just the right place to see the Ships of the Desert.
Mahabat Maqbara is the mausoleum of one of the nawabs of Junagarh. The structure is resplendent with silver doors and intricate architecture.
The Durbar Hall Museum displays weapons and armor from the days of the nawabs and many other curios and artifacts. A quick foray into the museum will reveal silver chains, chandeliers, settees, thrones, palanquins, howdahs, cushions, gowns and a large carpet that was woven in the Junagarh jail.

Best season to arrive Although the place can be visited throughout the year, the best season to do so is winter (September- April).

Bikaner

Bikaner- Lalgarh palace

The Ganga canal was completed in 1928 and the Indira Gandhi canal was completed in 1987, and this has made it possible to cultivate crops such as mustard, cotton, groundnut, wheat and vegetables in Bikaner. Bikaner was founded in 1486, and is now the 4th biggest city in Rajasthan.

Lalgarh palace was constructed between 1902 and 1926. Ganga Singh felt that the Lalgarh palace should be named after his father, Maharaja Lall Singh, and he did so. The palace was authorized by the British controlled regency for Maharaja Ganga Singh, because they felt that the Junagarh palace was inappropriate for a new-age ruler. Lalgarh palace was constructed according to Rajput, Mughal and European architectural styles. The architect of this palace was British and his name was Sir Jacob.

To know more about this beautiful place, please visit the link given below: –

http://www.remarkableindia.com/bikaner.php

Jaisalmer Fort Golden Fort

Jaisalmer Fort ( Jaisalmer )

There is a fort that seems to rise out of a desert haze, its yellow sandstone walls and Jaisalmer Fortbastions taking on a golden hue in the afternoon sun, which is why it is aptly called Sonar Kila or the Golden Fort or Jaisalmer Fort. Jaisalmer Fort was built in 1156. It is the second oldest in Rajasthan Tourism after Chittor and the fort built by Rawal Jaisal, which crowns the 80m high Trikuta Hill. Three strong walls protect the citadel.the fort has 99 bastions around its circumference. There is a group of five Jain Tamples within the fort built between the 12th and 15th centuries. Sharp turns on the road topped by high defense gateways made it invincible. At the highest point of the place can be seen an umbrella-Meghadamber symbolic of Krishna.

It has narrow winding lanes and four huge gateways, the last one leading to main chowk dominated by the old palace of the Maharwal. Almost one quater of the town’s population resides inside the fort. It is approached through Ganesh Pol, Suraj Pol, Bhoot Pol and Hawa Pol. Also, within it are many beautiful havelies and a group of Jain temples dating from the 12th to the 15th centuries.

View inside the Fort : The fort has five palaces called Sarvottam Vilas, Akhai Vilas, Gaj Mahal, Rang Mahal and Moti Mahal-all interconnected behind the seven-storied façade. Small stairs take you from one court to another with superb jail screens shading interiors from the fierce heat and desert wind. The Rang Mahal built by Mool Raj II has some exquisite murals painted on arches and spandrels. From the balconies you get a terrific view of the mammoth ramparts below guarding the small city. Balconies at the Gaj Mahal are also breathtakingly beautiful. The fort contains one third of the city’s population within the small houses on the narrow lanes.

Prime Attractions of Jaisalmer Desert Festival : Held in the months of January-February, the Desert Festival exudes a delightful spirit. For three days, the otherwise barren land of Jaisalmer comes to life and is clustered with hordes of colourfully dressed people. more..

Havelis : The beautiful mansions built by Jaisalmer’s wealthy merchants are known as ‘havelis’ and several of these fine sandstone buildings are still in beautiful condition. Patwon ki Haveli is the most elaborate and magnificent of all the Jaisalmer havelis.

Sam Sand Dunes : Any trip to Jaisalmer is indeed, incomplete, without a trip to the most panoramic dunes of Sam where the wind is unceasingly carving out scenic patterns, on the sand! Situated 42 kms from Jaisalmer, the sun-soaked Sam Sand Dunes bring to light a glided mirage. Truly the essence of the desert, the ripples of the wind-caressed dunes create an enchanting mirage.

Desert National Park : It preserves the eco-system of the desert within its confines. The Monitor lizards, desert foxes, porcupines, occasional wolves and black bucks, and the Great Indian Bustard (a protected bird) are found here, forming an ecological chain revolving around cactii and other hardy desert plants.

Gadsisar Lake : Gadsisar Lake in Jaisalmer, the rainwater fed reservoir, was built in 1156 Gadsisar LakeAD and rebuilt in 1367AD by Maharwal Garsisingh.

Govt Museum – Jaisalmer : The Government Museum in Jaisalmer is situated on Police Line Road near Moomal Hotel. It was opened in 1984. The large collection of wood and marine fossils in the museum gives an insight into the geological past of the area.

Manak Chowk : Outside the fort is the main market place called Manak Chowk, which is the centre of local activity. From Manak Chowk, one can walk into the lanes where the famous carved havelis are to be found. Each haveli’s facade differs from other. Built mainly during the 18th and 19th centuries, the carving in the havelis of Jaisalmer is of a very superior quality.

Wood Fossil Park : Wood Fossil Park at Aakal, is 17-kms from the city of Jaisalmer. Lying on the Barmer Road, this park transports you back to the Jurassic period, when the whole Thar region lay under the sea. The park with 180 million-year-old fossils that are the geological landmarks for the study of the Thar Desert is any geology enthusiasts delight.

Best time to arrive There is a best time to come to see jaisalmer fort in jaisalmer around septmber.

Rajasthan Handicrafts and shopping

Absolutely astounding and unique in concept, colour and workmanship, the art and Rajasthan crafts  and arts of Rajasthan are beyond comparison. Be it jewellery, painting, furniture, leatherware, pottery, metal craft or hand-printed textiles, each object has a penetrating and irresistible appeal.

An ethnic aura envelopes even the simplest of forms, making each one truly a collectors delight. Rajasthan Tourism, popularly known as the ‘treasure trove of Indian & ‘shoppers’ paradise’, has been able to preserve its craft despite several ups and downs. Its rich heritage and Rajasthan Hotels has played an important role in the economy of the state. The glittering jewellery and attractive handicrafts of Rajasthan have caught the fantasy of the people abroad and earned rich dividends.

Rajasthan history , the most fabulous state in India not only offers breathtaking tourist attraction but is also famous for its shopping activities. Popularly called the ‘Treasure trove of Indian handicrafts’, the state offers perfect shopping opportunity. Be it textile & embroidery, jewelry, leather items, paintings, pottery, puppets, stone, textile or wooden items, Rajasthani craftsmen adorns it with exquisite workmanship and superb artistry. The glittering jewelry and attractive handicrafts of Rajasthan are sure to leave any shopper speechless. Come to Rajasthan and fully prepared with good amount of cash and credit cards, as once you start shopping, there will be no stopping you. Whether it’s the offbeat rural area or a lively urban market, you will have something exclusive to buy everywhere in Rajasthan.

Mystery of Red Sandstone at Taj Mahal in Agra India

Red sandstone is a material commonly used in Mughal architecture. Several Mughal buildings and structures such as the Red Fort of Agra and Humayun’s Tomb use red sandstone as their primary construction material. The Taj Mahal is no exception. Though the Taj Mahal mausoleum is made of marble, the other structures in the Taj Mahal complex is primarily made of red sandstone. This, aside from many other things, is what makes the Taj Mahal remarkable. It was primarily constructed using indigenous materials such as marble and red sandstone found in India travel.

Source of the Red Sandstone

Red sandstone is abundant in India tours. Red sandstone reserves are spread over different states in the country however over 90% of the deposits of sandstone are in Rajasthan. Rajasthan is one of the main sources of materials used in the construction of the Taj Mahal. Red sandstone deposits in Rajasthan are spread over the districts in India. Bharatpur, Kota, Dholpur, Bikaner, Sawai-Madhopur, Jodhpur, Chittorgarh, Bundi, Jhalawar, Jaisalmer, Pali

The Use of Red Sandstone in the Taj Mahal

Red sandstone is used in the construction of most structures in the Taj Mahal complex.

The Chameli-Farsh

The Taj Mahal mausoleum is situated in the middle of a Chameli-Farsh, a rectangular platform made of red sandstone measuring 997 feet by 373 feet and is 42.6 feet high from the river and four feet high from the garden level. The mausoleum stands on a Chhakka, a second platform of white marble measuring 320 feet square side and is 18.6 feet high from the Chameli Farsh.

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