Posts Tagged ‘decrees’

DiwanIAm in Agra

The fort of Agra encompasses within its walls the Diwan–I–Am, a famous assembly hall erected between 1631 A.D – 1640 A.D. Diwan–I–Am, also known as the Hall of Public Audience, was re-constructed during the reign of Shah Jahan. The Emperor used this place to address the general public and nobility. He would sit on a throne and dispense justice based on the petitions presented by his ministers.

The importance of Diwan-I-Am: The importance of Diwan-I-Am is unquestionably connected with the importance of the Agra Fort. The powerful fortress encloses Agra, the imperial city of the Mughal rulers with its famous and exquisite buildings. Agra served as the capital of the Mughal emperors from 1526 to 1658 and to present day remains an important tourist destination. In 1983 Agra Fort achieved the status of a UNESCO World Heritage Site. One should not confuse the Agra Fort with the Red Fort at Delhi. The latter has never been referred to as a fort by the Mughals, but was rather called the Red Bungalow.

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Museum of Taj Mahal in Agra

Museum of the Taj Mahal is the collection of all unbelievable things of the Mughal time in India. The Taj Mahal complex is surrounded by red sandstone walls except for the side facing the river. These walls are interspersed with domed kiosks or chattris. There are small buildings as well that may have been viewing areas or watch towers like the Music House. This area is one of the places that is now used as a museum.

The museum is located at the ground floor of the western Naubat Khana within the Taj Mahal complex. The museum is also known as the Jal Mahal and it is a two-story building built on a raised platform with a quadrangle projection outside. The Luxury Jal Mahal museum was established in 1982.

The Museum
The Jal Mahal museum is comprised of a main gallery with three other galleries displaying various exhibits related to the construction of the Taj Mahal and the period of its builders. There are various antiquities on display categorized as manuscripts, government decrees, Mughal miniature paintings, specimen of calligraphy, utensils, plans and drawings of the Taj Mahal complex, paintings, arms, specimen inlay work, marble pillars etc. A total of 121 of these antiquities are on display.

The Main Hall
The main hall of the museum displays paintings of Shah Jahan and his most favorite wife Mumtaz Mahal on ivory encased in an ornamental wooden frame. Paintings from the Persian epic Shahnama of Firdausi and other exhibits such as replicas of coins minted in Akbarabad, Agra and a manuscript of Chaihl Majlis which dates back to 1612 A.D. bearing the signature of Shah Jahan under the royal seal dated February 4th 1628 are also on display here.

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