Posts Tagged ‘Dharamshala’

Himalayas Travel Guide in Himachal Pradesh, India

The physiographic of Himachal Pradesh in Indian Himalayas is portrayed with an intricate mosaic of hills, valleys, magnificent mountain ranges of soaring heights and snow clad peaks having altitude ranging from 450 mts to 6500 mts above sea level,The white snow covered mountain ranges witness increase in its elevation from south west to north west providing the most important physiographic cahracteristics of the state. The five finger like divisions of the state from South to the North are:-

Shivalik or the outer Himalayas:

These are the outermost hills of the state of the state stretching across its Southern boundary from East to West to an average altitude of 650 mts. The Shivaliks provide which from a source of valuable information to the geologists. The Shivalik are densely forested and house a large variety of flora and fauna. The predominant plant /timber species are sal (Shorea Robustra) and other broad leafed forest. The predominant animals special include, tiger, leopard, bear, cheetal, sanbhar etc.

The important towns which are situated amongst the Shivaliks include Paonta, Nahan, Nalagarh, Kunihar, Una and Hamirpur.

Lesser Himalayas:

These range are also known as lower Himalayas, occupying the Central part of Himalayas. The average height of these range is 2400 mts. These slopes are covered with dense tropical forests giving way to alpine and coniferous as you go up. It is interesting to note that nature has drawn lines across various altitude to demarcate these forests. For example from an altitude of 1200 mts. to 1800 mts. Chair and Pine are the dominant special. Where as from 1800 mts. to 2400 mts. Deodars dominant the flora along with Rhododendrons, Oaks and blue pines. Fir and spruce replace the skyline as you move upto 3200 mts. Lesser Himalayas boast of the finest Hill Stations in the country like Shimla, Manali, Chamba, Dalhousie, Dharamshala etc., having an elevation between 1500mts to 2300 mts.+

Dhauladhar Range:

One of the most fascinating and striking feature of Himalayas, which breaks away from the great Himalayan Range at Badrinath is “The White Range”- Dhauladhar. It event the the Himachal along with Baspa river in kinnaur Distt., and forms the magnificent back drop of the kangra valley. Dhauladhar is considered a Granite body and literally means “Greyish White”. Its general elevation varies from 3000 mts. to 4500 mts. It stretches in the North of Shimla from East to West and terminates in the South West part at Dalhousie. The range rises abruptly upto 3600 mts. for distance fo 11 kms in Kangra valley. All the three major river of Himachal Paradise i.e. Satluj, Beas and Ravi cut Dhauldhar Range antecedent to their debenture in to the tropical Zone.

In Shimla District, we find rapid changes in their elevation pattern, resulting in irregularities in the ridges and river courses. The abrupt thrusts from the South have formed ridges like Shimla, Chail and Sabathu resulting in the narrowing of river valley of Satluj and other neighbouring Streams.

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North India Hill Stations

India, a land so vast and diverse in culture heritage, language and people is bestowed with an equally rich and vast treasure of natural beauty. The British must be given credit for developing most of India’s hill stations.Following are some of the most popular and highly recommended hill station tour packages that should not be missed while holidaying in India.

Almora :Almora is a wonderful place to conveniently enjoy the spectacular snowscape of the central Himalayas. Most of the days in Almora are flawless. Almost everyday the tourist can see almost every peak. Almora allows you to enjoy the mighty Himalayas together with ridge after ridge of hills.The terraced fields, the stone slatted barrack-like village houses have so far put up a valiant fight against the encroachments of urban expansion and unplanned development.

How to Reach:By Road : Almora is well connected with all-important cities of India by road.
By Air : The nearest airport is a Pant Nagar (Nainital). During the summer regular flights are operational.
By Rail : The nearest raiway station near Almora is Kathgodam.

Badrinath:The holy Dham is in the state of Uttaranchal of the Himalaya mountains.The temple’s elevation is 10,248 feet (3050meters). Badrinath is above the Alaknanda river, believed to be a headstream of the holy Indian river ,Ganges.This place has some special significance from the Indians perspective.
Area : Badrinath is believed to cover 3 Sq. Km area.Languages : The localites usually speak Hindi, Garhwali and English.

Best Time to visit : Being covered by snow the best time to enjoy is believed to be between the months May to September.
Area : Badrinath is believed to cover 3 Sq. Km area.

Languages : The localites usually speak Hindi, Garhwali and English.

Best Time to visit : Being covered by snow the best time to enjoy is believed to be between the months May to September.

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North India

The North India, strategically, most important part of India has shaped the course of India’s historical and cultural evolution over the last 3500 years. The three main religions – Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism; the origin of sacred river Ganga, Yamuna and sources of many other important

rivers are in northern India. The mighty Himalayas from Himachal Pradesh to Arunachal Pradesh safeguarding the country are also part of the northern India. Delhi, the capital of India has seen the battle between many emperors and has been ruled by them from time to time. Some of the outstanding monuments like Qutab Minar, Jama Mosque, Humayun’s Tomb were built by Mughal Emperors during their regime. Rajasthan, one of the most colourful and vibrant state of India is proudly associated with northern India. Most famous for its Forts and Palaces; Rajasthan’s Thar Desert and Cattle Fairs are no less interesting. Uttar Pradesh, the most populated state in the country has

beautiful monuments like Taj Mahal; wildlife sanctuaries and is associated with river Ganges as her source of origin from Gaumukh in the Himalayas.

Attractions and places North India

Delhi:Delhi is the capital of India.Delhi tourism offers the most vibrant and colourful aspects of Indian culture.There is an amazing range of activity from cultural walks, talks, theatre productions and art exhibitions to films by Indian and foreign directors. One can find an option at the Habitat

World at Lodhi Road as well as Siri Fort at Khel Gaon.Major Attactions of Delhi:

1. Red Fort:
Delhi’s most famous monument, the Red Fort, stands as a powerful reminder of the Mughal emperors who ruled India. Its walls, which stretch for over two kilometers (1.2 miles), were built in 1638 to keep out invaders. However, they failed to stop the fort being captured by the Sikhs and the British. To take your imagination back to the ancient era, a one hour sound and light show of the fort’s history is held each evening.

2.Jama Masjid:Jama Masjid is another marvelous treasure of the Old City, and is the largest mosque in India. Its courtyard can hold an incredible 25,000 devotees. The mosque took 13 years to build, and

was completed in 1650. A strenuous climb to the top of its southern tower will reward you with a stunning view across the rooftops of Delhi. Be sure to dress appropriately when visiting the mosque or you won’t be allowed in. This means covering your head, legs and shoulders. Attire is available there.

Chandni Chowk:Chandni Chowk, the main street of old Delhi, is a shocking contrast to the wide,

orderly streets of New Delhi. Cars, cycle rickshaws, hand-pulled carts, pedestrians, and animals all compete for space. It’s chaotic, crumbling and congested, but completely captivating as well.

3.Qutab Minar:Qutab Minar, the tallest brick minaret in the world, is an incredible example of early Indo–Islamic architecture. It was built in 1206, but the reason remains a mystery. Some believe that it was made to signify victory and the beginning of Muslim rule in India, while others say it was
used to call the faithful to prayer. The tower has five distinct stories, and is covered with

intricate carvings and verses from the holy Quran. There are also a number of other historic monuments on the site.

4. LodiGarden:
Location: Lodi Road, not far from Humayun’s Tomb.
Entry Cost: Free.
Opening Hours: Daily, but Sundays are particularly busy.

5.Gandhi Smriti:
Location: 5 Tees January Marg, central New Delhi.
Entry Cost: Free.
Opening Hours: From 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Tuesday to Sunday
6.India Gate:
Location: Rajpath, near Connaught Place, New Delhi.
Entry Cost: Free.
Opening Hours: Always open.

Garden of Five Senses:
Location: Said-Ul-Azaib village, M.B. Road, close to the Mehrauli heritage    area in New Delhi. Near Saket.
Entry Cost: Free.
Opening Hours: Daily from 6.00 a.m. to 9.00 p.m.

Rajasthan:Rajasthan is Situated in north western part of india.It is the largest state of India,covering an area of 342,239 square kilometers, and jaipur its capital.Rajasthan also known as the Land of the Kings.Rajasthani and Hindi are the widely used languages in the state.Rajasthan is known for panther, blue bull, jackal, fox, hyena, sambhar, wild boar, jungle cat and many other
species of animals.The palaces of Jaipur, lakes of Udaipur, and desert forts of Jodhpur, Bikaner & Jaisalmer rank among the most preferred destinations in India formany tourists both Indian and foreign.Rajasthan is famous for the majestic forts, intricately carved temples and decorated havelis, which were built by Rajput kings in previous ages, they were the soul of pre-Muslim era
Rajasthan. The people, culture and architecture of Rajasthan largely owe to the Mughal Empire.The palaces of Jaipur, lakes of Udaipur, and desert forts of Jodhpur, Bikaner & Jaisalmer rank among the most preferred destinations in India for many tourists both Indian and foreign.Rajasthan is famous for Textiles, cement, sugar,chemicals, glass, wool,handicrafts.The attractive designs of jewellery and clothes are eye-catching and invite shoppers.Bikaner is famous for its namkeens, Jaipur for its jewellery and Jaislmer for yellow stone.Some major cities of Royally Rajasthan are Jaipur, Jodhpur,
Udaipur, Kota, Ajmer, Bikaner, Bhilwara, Alwar.Rajasthan included the oldest chain of fold mountains- the Aravalli Range splits the state into two geographical zones- desert Also known as the “Great Indian Desert”at one side and forest belt on the other.Best Time To Visit Rajasthan is Nov-Mar.

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Himalaya Vacation Destinations

Major Himalayan Hill Stations

Gulmarg & Sonamarg
The beauty of this place can only be seen to believe. No words, no phrases would be enough to capture the sheer brilliance of this unimaginable canopy crafted by the God. Resembling a huge bowl of meadow, lush and green, where the only voices that you hear are the cowbells tinkling away in the fields, Gulmarg looks like a fantasy world.

Srinagar
This place is the capital of Jammu and Kashmir and is also the largest city in the state. Situated at an altitude of 1730 meters from the sea level, this place is world famous for its Dal Lake and the floating House Boats in its waters. Also home to one of the most exquisitely designed landscape of flora and fauna; Mughal Gardens, the city has a sleepy yet energetic charm about it.

Ladakh
A land like no other, Ladakh is guarded on both sides by two of the world’s mightiest mountain ranges, the Himalayas and the Karakoram Range. A place full of breathtaking sights, Ladakh is a different world with its strange Gompas perched on heights; the barren and rocky surfaces sprayed with patches of grass in between, and also the patches of white powder snow that seem too hard to resist for the on-lookers to play with.

Shimla
Just think of anything beautiful related to the mountains, and the chances are, that you will see and hear all those sights and sounds here in this Capital of Himachal Pradesh. The amazing town of Shimla, which was also the summer capital in pre-independence era of the British Raj, is certainly full of with all the natural beauties that you can imagine.

Perched on a scenic hill location overlooking a deep valley, the hill town has plenty of green pastures around it. The added Luxury beauty of this place is the Narrow Gauge rail that connects it from the town of Kalka located in the foothills.

Kullu
Once known as Kulanthpitha, the end of the living world, Kullu is nestled in the valley on looking the vast Himalayan range. Situated on the banks of the Beas River, this town is famous for the Kullu Dussehra which is annually held with celebrations lasting almost a week.

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